Achirus achirus – Drab Sole

The Drab Sole is a nice small-sized fish that is easy to keep in the freshwater aquarium.

Achirus achirus – Drab Sole

Achirus achirus was described in 1758 by Linnaeus. The name Achirus is derived from two ancient Greek words. A means ‘without’ and cheir means ‘hands’. Together it means without hands, a reference to the lack of pectoral fins. Their common name is Drab Sole.

Synonyms: Achirus maculipinnis gunteri, Monochir punctifer, Monochirus lineatus, Pleuronectes achirus

Description

In the aquarium, the Drab Sole does not grow as large as in the wild. Due to the often smaller dimensions, they reach a length of at most about 10 centimetres in the aquarium. In the wild, they can grow to a length of up to 37 centimetres.

It is a calm, somewhat withdrawn fish. Outside the mating season, they are solitary individuals that live on and in the substrate.

Origin

South America: Surinam, Brazil, Uruquay, Peru,
• Rio Ucayali
• Rio Maranon
• Amazone
Contamana – Iquitos – Yarimaguas – Yarina – Cocha

Diet

Small live food, mainly bloodworms and Tubifex.

The aquarium

Fine sand and flat rocks so they can burrow in and only their eyes are visible. Minimum length aquarium 100 cm. The aquarium must have a lid, they can jump quite a bit!

Water

Hardness up to 18 dGH;
Lightly acidic, pH 6.5-7.5;
Temperature: 25 – 30°C;
They occur in fresh and brackish water down to a depth of 20 meters.

Authors

Tekkelke – John de Lange

Copyright images

Tekkelke – J. de Lange

References

Mergus Aquarien Atlas 1985 Deel-4 blz 826
Fishbase

Last Updated on 28 September 2021 by John

Additional information

Family

Genus

Species

achirus

Synonyms

Achirus maculipinnis gunteri, Monochir punctifer, Monochirus lineatus, Pleuronectes achirus

Common names

Drab Sole

First described by

Character

Social Behaviour

Breeding behaviour

Diet

Min. aquarium length in cm

100

Zone

Origin

Countries

, , , , ,

Length minimum in cm

10

Length maximum in cm

37

Temperature minimum

25

Temperature maximum

30

pH minimum

6.5

pH maximum

7.5

GH minimum

10

GH maximum

18

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